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ABOUT SHRI PRANAB MUKHERJEE JI

ABOUT SHRI PRANAB MUKHERJEE JI

Pranab Kumar Mukherjee (Bengali: প্রণব কুমার মুখোপাধ্যায় Pronôb Kumar Mukhopaddhae, born 11 December 1935, West Bengal, India) is the current Finance Minister of India and leader of the current (15th) Lok Sabha.

Mukherjee is a senior member of the Cabinet Committees on Economic Affairs, Infrastructure, Parliamentary Affairs, Political Affairs, Prices, Security, Unique Identification Authority of India, World Trade Organization, and heads the Group of Ministers Committee on the Dabhol dispute. He also heads the Group of Ministers investigating the alleged corruption of the previous National Democratic Alliance) government. He is also a member of the Congress Working Committee (CWC), the highest decision-making body of the Indian National Congress.

In 2010 he was awarded "Finance Minister of the Year for Asia" by Emerging Markets, the daily newspaper of record for the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF). In December 2010 The Banker recognised him as "Finance Minister of the Year" after making signifcant inroads into budget deficit reduction, throughout a turbulent year.

Early life

He was a member of AICC, and West Bengal Legislative Council (1952–64), and President, District Congress Committee, Birbhum (WB). His father was also a respected freedom fighter and was jailed for more than 10 years. He attended the Suri Vidyasagar College, Suri (Birbhum), then affiliated with the University of Calcutta.

He holds a Master of Arts degrees in History and Political Science & has a degree in law from the University of Calcutta. He has been an advocate and a college teacher in his long public career.[citation needed] In 2011 he was awarded a honorary Doctor of Letters degree by University of Wolverhampton.

Professional career

Mukherjee began his career as a college-teacher and later as a journalist. He worked for noted Bengali publication Desher Dak (Call of Motherland). He also became trustee of Bangiya Sahitya Parishad and later President of Nikhil Bharat Banga Sahitya Sammelan.

Political career

He has a parliamentary career of nearly five decades, which began as a member of Rajya Sabha (upper house) from the Congress Party in 1969; he was re-elected in 1975, 1981, 1993 and 1999. In 1973, he joined the cabinet as Union Deputy Minister, Industrial Development. He rose through a series of cabinet posts to become the Finance Minister of India from 1982 to 1984. In 1984, he was rated as the best Finance Minister of the World according to a survey of Euromoney magazine. His term was noted for India not withdrawing the last billion instalment of an IMF loan. Dr. Manmohan Singh was serving Reserve Bank of India as Governor during Pranab's term as Finance Minister. He was not included in Rajiv Gandhi's cabinet after Lok Sabha election held subsequent to Indira Gandhi's assassination. He was pushed out of the Congress party for a brief period, and during this period he formed his own political party Rashtriya Samajwadi Congress, but later merged it with Congress party in 1989 after settlement with Rajiv Gandhi. His political career revived when P.V. Narasimha Rao chose to appoint him as deputy chairman of the planning commission and subsequently as a union cabinet minister. He served as External Affairs Minister for the first time from 1995 to 1996 in Rao's cabinet. In 1997 he was voted Outstanding Parliamentarian.

He was the President of the West Bengal state unit of Congress since 1985, but resigned in July 2010 due to work-load and was succeeded by Manas Bhunia. In 2004, when the Congress formed a government at the head of a coalition the new Congress Prime Minister Manmohan Singh was only a Rajya Sabha MP. So Pranab Mukherjee was made Leader of the House in the Lok Sabha when he won the Lok Sabha elections for the first time from Jangipur (Lok Sabha constituency). He also has the distinction of being a Minister for various high profile Ministries including Defence, Finance, External Affairs, Revenue, Shipping, Transport, Communication, Economic Affairs, Commerce and Industry. He also heads the Congress Parliamentary Party and the Congress Legislative Party which consists of all the Congress MPs and MLAs in the country apart from being Leader of the House in Lok Sabha, Bengal Pradesh Congress Committee President and the Union Cabinet Minister of Finance in the Council of Ministers under Prime Minister Manmohan Singh in the Congress-led Government. Pranab played crucial role in steering the Cabinet pre Lok Sabha elections when the Prime Minister underwent by-pass surgery by taking additional charges as chairman of the Cabinet Committee Of Political Affairs and Union Minister in Finance Ministry despite already being Union Minister of External Affairs.

International role

Pranab Mukherjee played a central role in the implementation of the Indo-US civilian nuclear agreement.

Mukherjee and US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice signed the Section 123 Agreement on October 10, 2008. He has been a member of the Board of Governors of the International Monetary Fund, of the World Bank, of the Asian Development Bank, and of the African Development Bank.

In 1984, he chaired the Group of 24 attached to the IMF and World Bank. Between May and November 1995, he presided over the SAARC Council of Ministers Conference.

He was the first appointed by the Prime Minister, Manmohan Singh, to ease issues over the campaign initiated by Anna Hazare on day 8 of his fast, that is 23 August 2011.

Political party role

Mukherjee is very well respected within the party social circles." Other media accounts describe him as having "a reputation as a number-crunching politician with a phenomenal memory and an unerring survival instinct."

After Sonia Gandhi reluctantly agreed to join politics, Mukherjee was one of her key mentors, guiding her through difficult situations with examples of how her mother-in-law, Indira Gandhi would have done things. Mukherjee's unfailing loyalty and competence have led to his closeness to Sonia Gandhi and Manmohan Singh, and helped him gain the position of Minister of Defence when the party came to power in 2004.

He has also held the position of Deputy Chairman, Planning Commission from 1991 to 1996.

His talents were on display during the negotiations for the Patent's Amendment Bill in early 2005. The Congress was committed to passing an IP bill, but their allies in the United Progressive Alliance from the Left front had a long tradition of opposing some of the monopoly aspects of intellectual property. Pranab Mukherjee, as Defence Minister, was not formally involved but was roped in for his negotiation skills. He drew on many old alliances including the CPI-M leader Jyoti Basu, and formed new intermediary positions, which included product patent and little else. Then he had to convince his own colleagues including commerce minister Kamal Nath, at one point saying: "An imperfect legislation is better than no legislation." Finally the bill was approved on March 23, 2005.

Foreign Minister: October 2006

Pranab Mukherjee with US President George W. Bush in 2008.

On 24 October 2006, he was appointed as the External Affairs Minister of India. His replacement in the Defence Ministry is A. K. Antony, a senior Congress Party politician and former Chief Minister of the southern state of Kerala.

Mukherjee was briefly considered for the post of the largely ceremonial Indian presidency. But his name was subsequently dropped after his contribution in the Union Cabinet was considered practically indispensable. Among Mukherjee's current legacy was the successful signing of the U.S.-India Civil Nuclear Agreement with the US government and then with the Nuclear Suppliers Group, allowing India to participate in civilian nuclear trade in spite of not having signed the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. He is also awarded the Padma Vibhushan, India's second highest civilian honor in 2007.

Finance Minister

Pranab Mukherjee, Finance Minister of India addressing the delagates at Regional Conference of Institute of Chartered Accountants of India

Pranab Mukherjee's first stint as the Finance minister of India was during the Indira Gandhi government in 1982. He presented his first annual budget in 1982-83. In the second government of Manmohan Singh, he again became the Finance Minister of India, a job he had held earlier, in the 1980s. On July 6, 2009, he presented the government's annual budget. In it, he announced many tax reforms, such as the scrapping of the 'irritant' Fringe Benefit Tax, and the Commodities Transaction Tax. He announced, that the Finance Ministry, was well on track, to implement the Goods and Services Tax, a tax, that has been praised by major corporate executives, and economists. He also expanded funding for social sector schemes, like the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, girl's literacy, and health care. Also, he expanded infrastructure programmes, like the National Highway Development Programme, expansion of electricity coverage, and the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission. However, many people, expressed concern, about the rising fiscal deficit, the highest since 1991. Mukherjee said, that the expansion in government spending was only temporary, and he said that the government, was committed to the principle of fiscal prudence. He presented the 2009 Union budget of India as well as 2010 Union budget of India and the 2011 budget.

The 2010/11 budget includes the country's first explicit target to cut public debt as a proportion of GDP and he is targeting a budget deficit reduction to 4.1% of GDP in fiscal year 2012/13, from 6.5% in 2008/09.

Personal life

Pranab Mukherjee married Suvra Mukherjee on July 13, 1957 and has two sons, Abhijit (who is now a member of the West Bengal Legislative Assembly) and Surojit, and a daughter, Sharmistha. He is inspired by Deng Xiaoping & has quoted him quite frequently. His hobbies are reading, gardening and music.

Bio Data

Name

Shri Pranab Mukherjee

Constituency from which I am elected

Jangipur

Father's Name

Late Shri Kamada Kinkar Mukherjee

Mother's Name

Late Smt. Rajlakshmi Mukherjee

Date of Birth

12/11/1935

Birth Place

Vill.Mirati, Kirnahar, Distt. Birbhum (West Bengal

Maritial Status

Married

Date of Marriage

7/13/1957

Spouse Name

Smt. Suvra Mukherjee

No. of Children

No.of Sons:2   No.of Daughters:1

State Name

West Bengal

Party Name

Indian National Congress

Permanent Address

Flat No. 2-A, First Floor,60/2/7, Kavi Bharti Sarani, Lake Road, Kolkata - 700 029 West BengalTel. (033) 24648366

Present Address

13, Talkatora Road,New Delhi - 110 001Tels. (011) 23737623, 23737657 (R), 23092810, 23092510 (O), Fax. (011) 23737658 (R), 23093289 (O)

Email id

This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Educational Qualifications

M.A. (History), M.A. (Political Science), LL.B., D. Litt. (Honoris Causa) Educated at Vidyasagar College, Suri, Calcutta University, West Bengal

Profession

Political and Social Worker Teacher Journalist Writer

Positions Held

1/1/1969

Elected to Rajya Sabha

1/1/1973

Union Deputy Minister, Industrial Development

1/1/1974

Union Deputy Minister, Shipping and Transport

1/2/1974

Union Minister of State, Finance

1/1/1975

Re-elected to Rajya Sabha (2nd term)

1/2/1975

Union Minister, Revenue and Banking (Independent Charge)

1/3/1975

Deputy Leader, Congress Party, Rajya Sabha

1/1/1978

Member, Congress Working Committee (INC)

1/2/1978

Treasurer, All India Congress Committee

1/3/1978

Treasurer, Congress (I) Party in Parliament

1/4/1978

Member, Central Parliamentary Board, AICC

1/1/1980

Union Minister, Commerce and Steel and Mines

1/2/1980

Leader of the House, Rajya Sabha

1/1/1981

Re-elected to Rajya Sabha (3rd term)

1/1/1982

Union Cabinet Minister, Finance with additional charge of Ministry of Commerce and Supply

1/1/1984

Chairman, Campaign Committee of AICC for Conducting National Election to Parliament

1/1/1987

Chairman, Economic Advisory Cell, AICC

1/1/1991

Deputy Chairman, Planning Commission

1/1/1993

Union Cabinet Minister, Commerce

1/2/1993

Re-elected to Rajya Sabha (4th term)

1/1/1995

Union Cabinet Minister, External Affairs

1/2/1995

Member, Business Advisory Committee, Rajya Sabha

1/3/1995

Member, Committee on Privileges, Rajya Sabha

1/4/1995

Member, Committee on Rules, Rajya Sabha

1/5/1995

Member, Consultative Committee for External Affairs

1/6/1995

Chairman, Departmentally related Parliamentary Standing Committee on Science & Technology, Environment & Forest

1/2/1996

Re-elected to Rajya Sabha (5th term)

1/3/1996

Chairman, Central Election Coordination Committee, AICC

1/2/1997

Member, Congress Working Committee( INC)

1/2/1997

General Secretary, AICC

1/1/1998

Chairman, Departmentally related Parliamentary Standing Committee on Home Affairs

1/4/1999

President, West Bengal Pradesh Congress Committee

1/5/1999

Member, Central Election Committee, AICC

1/1/2004

Elected to 14th Lok Sabha

1/2/2004

Union Cabinet Minister, Defence

1/3/2004

Leader of the House, Lok Sabha

1/1/2006

Union Cabinet Minister, External Affairs

1/2/2006

Ministry of Finance (additional charge)

1/1/2009

Re-elected to 15th Lok Sabha (2nd term)

1/1/2009

Leader of the House, Lok Sabha

2/1/2009

Union Cabinet Minister, Finance

6/1/2009

Social and Cultural Activities

President, Nikhil Bharat Banga Sahitya Sammelan, 1995-2001 and Rabindra Bharati Society; Chairman (i) Nikhil Bharat Sahitya Sammelan since 2004;(ii) Council of Indian Statistical Institute since 2006; and (iii) Planning Board, Asiatic Society, Kolkata, 1984-1986, 1992-1996 and 2004-2009; Trustee (i) Bangiya Sahitya Parishad, 1984-1990; and (ii) Bidhan Memorial Trust, Kolkata since 1998.

Favourite Pastimes and Recreation

Reading, gardening and music especially Rabindra Sangeet

Countries Visited

Widely travelled

Other Information

International Organizations: (i) Board of Governors (a)International Monetary Fund 1982 -1985; (b) World Bank, 1982 - 1985; (c) Asian Development Bank, 1982 -1985; (d) African Development Bank, 1982 -1985; (e) Member, Boards of governance since May 2009; (ii) Chairman, Group 24 Ministerial Group attached to IMF and World Bank, 1984; (iii) Presided over SAARC Council of Ministers Conference, May 1995; November 1995; 2006 and 2007 Leader of Indian delegations to: (i) Colombo Plan Finance Ministers` Conference, Singapore, 1975 and Colombo, 1976; (ii) Commonwealth Finance Ministers` Conference, 1982, 1983 and 1984; (iii) Annual General Meeting of World Bank and IMF, 1982, 1983 and 1984; (iv) Annual General Meeting of Asian Development Bank, 1982, 1983 and 1984; (v) Ministerial Conference of WTO, Marrakesh, 1994; (vi) UN General Assembly, 1994, 1995, 2005 and 2006; (vii) Social Summit, Copenhagen, 1995; (viii) 40th Anniversary of Asian Conference, Bandung, 1995; (ix) Non-Aligned Foreign Ministers Conference, Carte-Ghana, 1995; (x) Conference of Commonwealth Heads of Governments (CHOGAM), Auckland 1996 Honours and Distinctions conferred:i)Rated as one of the best five Finance Ministers of the world, 1984 according to a survey of Euro Money, a journal published from New York; (ii)Conferred Best Parliamentarian Award, 1997; (iii) Awarded Padma Vibhushan, 2007. (iv) The London based magazine `Emerging Markets` has named Shri Pranab Mukherjee``Finance Minister of the Year for Asia 2010``. His leadership in the Ministry of Finance and other Economic Ministries was well acclaimed, nationally and internationally. He was considered as the key figure in formulating economic policies of the nation for a long period. Under his stewardship India earned the distinction of not withdrawing the last installment of IMF loan to the extent of US$1.1 billion. He was considered top ranking Minister and presided over the Cabinet meetings of the Union in the absence of the Prime Minister during 1980-1985.

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