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Kapil Sibal (Punjabi: ਕਪਿਲ ਸਿਬਲ, Hindi: कपिल सिब्बल; born 8 August 1948) is an Indian politician and lawyer. He is currently the Minister of Communications and Information Technology. He also held the two ministries Ministry of Science and Technology and Ministry of Earth Sciences in the First Manmohan Singh Cabinet. He is also the Minister of Human Resources and Development in the current cabinet.

Sibal was first nominated in July 1988, as a Member of the upper house of the Indian Parliament, the Rajya Sabha, from the State of Bihar . and remained Additional Solicitor General of India, (December 1989 – December 1990) and President, Supreme Court Bar Association, on three occasions (1995–96, 1997–98 and 2001–2002).


Kapil Sibal joined the Bar association in 1972. A year later in 1973, he qualified for the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), and was offered an appointment, but declined the offer. Instead he decided to set up his own law practice. He was designated as a Senior Lawyer in 1983. He has been the Additional Solicitor General of India between 1989 and 1990.

In August, 2008 an Anthology of Kapil Sibal's poems titled "i witness" was published by Roli Books, New Delhi. He has also contributed several articles on various prominent issues such as security, nuclear proliferation, terrorism etc., in national dailies and periodicals. He won a landslide victory in the constituency of Chandni Chowk for the Indian National Congress against popular TV star Smriti Irani of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).

Over the years, he has held several important positions in the Government of India and the Society, such as : Additional Solicitor General of India (December 1989–1990) ; Member, Board of Management, Indira Gandhi National Open University (1993) ; President, Supreme Court Bar Association (1995–96, 1997–98 and 2001–2002) ; Member, Rajya Sabha (July 1998) ; Member, Executive Council, Institute of Constitutional and Parliamentary Studies (July, 2001) ; Member, Business Advisory Committee (August, 2001) ; Member, Committee on Home Affairs (January, 2002) ; Co-chairman, Indo-US Parliamentary Forum (2002) ; Member, Board of International AIDS Vaccine Initiative (2002) ; Member, Programme Board of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation's Indian AIDS initiative (2003) ; Member, Working Group on Arbitrary Detention set up by the Human Rights Commission, Geneva.

Kapil Sibal has visited several countries such as the USA, Canada, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Afghanistan, Switzerland, China, Taiwan, Bhutan, South Africa, Nigeria, Senegal and several South East Asian Countries, throughout Europe and North Africa.

He represented India in the Annual Meetings of the World Economic Forum in 2005 and 2009 held at Davos, Switzerland. He led the Indian delegation to the Annapolis Conference, USA, held to gather International support for establishment of a Palestinian State and the realization of Israeli–Palestinian Peace during November 2007. He led the Indian delegation to the United Nation Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) at Bali in December 2007.

In the 2004 general elections, Sibal won the elections by a large margin from Chandni Chowk constituency in the National Capital Territory representing the Congress Party by a and was inducted into the Cabinet under Prime Minister Manmohan Singh as Union Minister for Science, Technology and Earth Sciences. In the 2009 elections, he again won by a large margin from Chandni Chowk constituency and in the second Manmohan Singh government took charge of the key Human Resource Development ministry.

Minister Sibal has recently approved the creation of an Indian Institute of Technology Muddenahalli as part of the 11th 5 year plan. He is also the person who introduced the Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation (CCE) system in India for class IX and Class X and he has also started the changes in the IIT JEE pattern. He has laid the foundation stone for IIT Patna

One Laptop per Child (OLPC) and $35 Laptop

He has also announced an Indian touchscreen tablet computer, Sakshat which will be co-developed with private partnership. It may be available to students more than a year later for 1,500 (US$33.45). "This is our answer to MIT's US$100 computer," said Sibal. Satish Jha, chairman of OLPC India, the leading competitor to this venture, questioned his claim that a $35 laptop could be created in a year. Five state Chief Ministers endorsed the OLPC initiative and the Chief Minister of Rajasthan himself inaugurated the project on the day Sibal showcased his future laptop. The event was attended by two members of the Union Cabinet. This also lead to an open letter by Nicholas Negroponte offering him complete access to MIT and OLPC technologies to help realise India's dream to create a laptop of its own. Though Sibal demonstrated the laptop in a TV interview and suggested that his tablet was for university students and not for the school children as yet, there were questions about India's contribution to it that may be open to scrutiny once the laptop reaches university students.

Personal life

Kapil Sibal married Nina Sibal who died in 2000

Bio Data


Shri Kapil Sibal

Constituency from which I am elected

Chandni Chowk

Father's Name

Shri Hira Lal Sibal

Mother's Name

Smt. Kailash Rani Sibal

Date of Birth


Birth Place

Jullundur (Punjab)

Maritial Status


Date of Marriage


Spouse Name

Late Smt. Nina Sibal

No. of Children

No.of Sons:2   No.of Daughters:0

State Name


Party Name

Indian National Congress

Permanent Address

C-1, Maharani Bagh,New Delhi - 110 065Tel. (011) 26830452

Present Address

19, Teen Murti Marg,New Delhi - 110 011Tels. (011) 23019420 (R), 23385055, 23387085, 23384639 (O) Fax (011) 23018705 (R), 23382365 (O)

Email id

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Educational Qualifications

M.A. (History), LL. M. Educated at St. Stephen`s College, University of Delhi, Delhi and Harward Law School, USA


Positions Held


Additional Solicitor General of India


Member, Rajya Sabha


Secretary, Congress Parliamentary Party


Member,Joint Parliamentary Committe (J.P.C.) on Stock Market Scam


Member, Business Advisory Committee


Member, Committee on Home Affairs


Elected to 14th Lok Sabha


Union Cabinet Minister, Science & Technology and Earth Sciences


Vice President, Parliamentary Forum on Water Conservation & Management


Re-elected to 15th Lok Sabha (2nd term)


Union Cabinet Minister, Human Resource Development


Union Cabinet Minister, Human Resource Development


Union Cabinet Minister, Communications and Information Technology

Social and Cultural Activities

Member of the Working Group on Arbitrary Detentions set up by the Human Rights Commission in Geneva; Investigated cases of arbitrary detentions throughout the world; analyzed detention and detention laws in the context of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the Covenant for Civil and Political Rights and advised the Government to release individuals from detention if such detention was not in accordance with the above mentioned international instruments; actively involved in the protection of our national heritage and in particular, archeological sites which have immense historical and cultural significance.

Special Interests

Particularly interested in education; member, governing body of the St. Stephen`s College and served on the Board of the Indira Gandhi National Open University for several years; enjoys going to educational institutions and interacting with students; believes that education should be far removed from politics; appointed Chairman of a Committee by the Ministry of Human Resource Development to ensure free access to education to children between the ages of 6-14 and suggest measures for the implementation of the constitutional mandate in this respect

Sports and Clubs

Member, (i) Belvedere Club, The Oberoi Hotel, New Delhi; (ii) India International Club, New Delhi; and (iii) India Habitat Centre, New Delhi

Favourite Pastimes and Recreation

Reading, writing, travelling and cooking; actively interested in spreading scientific knowledge and reasoning

Countries Visited

Widely travelled

Other Information

President, Supreme Court Bar Association, 1995-96, 1997-98 and 2001-2002; Co-Chairman, Indo-US Parliamentary Forum, 2002; studied and worked in the United States; offered appointment to the I.A.S., but declined; joined the Bar in 1972; designated Senior Advocate in 1983; leader, Indian delegation to the Human Rights Commission, Geneva, January, 1991; Member,(i) Press Council of India March 2001, (ii) Executive Council, Institute of Constitutional and Parliamentary Studies, July 2001; (iii) Board of International AIDS Vaccine Initiative, headquartered in U.S., 2002; (iv) Programme Board of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation`s India AIDS Initiative, 2003; (v) working group on Arbitrary Detention set up by the Human Rights Commission, Geneva; (vi) Board of Management, Indira Gandhi National Open University, 1993; (vii) Governing Body, St. Stephen`s College, University of Delhi, 1993; (viii) Indian Parliamentary delegation which visited South Africa, Nigeria and Senegal to advocate against Pakistan`s involvement in corss-border terrorism, 2002; addressed Parliament of India in the historic impeachment proceedings against Justic V. Ramaswamy, then a sitting judge of the Supreme Court of India; as a nominee of the Working Group set up by the Human Rights Commission to visit Bhutan and Vietnam to assess and report on the human rights situation prevailing there in 1994; as the Chairman of the Working Group set up by the Human Rights Commission for dealing with arbitrary detentions, visited China in October 1997 to look into the alleged human rights violation there; convenor, International Policy Makers Conference of HIV/AIDS, New Delhi, 2002; participated in the International Workshop on ``Peaceful Nuclear Use and the Future of Non-Proliferation: Coping with the diversion of Nuclear Mateirals and Nuclear Terrorism`` organized by Japan Atomic Industrial Forum, at Tokyo, Japan, 2002; appeared in a number of landmark cases in the field of Constitutional Law, Commercial Law and Criminal Law; specialist in the field of Constitutional Law; was official spokesman of the Indian National Congress preceding the General Elections in 1999 and 2004; awarded the Jawaharlal Nehru Birth Centenary Award, 2004-2005 awarded by the Indian Science Congress Association duing the 92nd Indian Science Congress held at Ahmedabad, January 2005; represented India in the Annual Meeting of World Economic Forum, 2005 at Davos, Switzerland, January 2005; led the Indian delegation to visit Antaractica, February 2005; led the CII Roadshow held at Seattle and San Francisco, U.S.A., April 2005

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